Lesson Overview

The brain is the core governing structure of the human body. At a weight of over three pounds, the human brain, comprised of eighty-six billion neurons and associated glial cells and blood vessels, is the largest and most complex of all mammalian brains. The human cerebral cortex, a thick layer of neural tissue, is divided into four lobes of the forebrain: the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes. Each lobe is comprised of cortical areas associated with particular executive functions, including self control, planning, reasoning, abstract thought, motor control, language, and vision.

The two hemispheres of the brain are defined by lateralization processes, such as language, which is associated with left-sided hemispheric dominance, and spatiotemporal reasoning, which is associated with right-sided dominance. The cerebellum, or hindbrain, located at the base of the brain above the brainstem, coordinates voluntary movements such as posture, balance, coordination, speech, and learned motor behaviors. Further, the brainstem, which includes the medulla oblongata, pons, and the midbrain, regulates motor and sensory aspects of the central nervous system, as well as cardiac and respiratory functions. Finally, the endocannabinoid system, comprised of neuromodulatory lipids and receptors in the brain, regulates the vast array of physiological processes essential for human life.

Learning Objectives

  1. Discuss assessment protocols to determine level of endocannabinoid deficiencies of the neurological system.
  2. Discuss therapeutic strategies to address endocannabinoid deficiencies of the neurological system.
  3. Discuss patient care guidelines to implement cannabinoid therapy with standard of care pharmaceutical regimens pertaining to the neurological system.
  4. Discuss educational guidelines for patients to monitor clinical outcomes when implementing cannabinoid protocols for neurological disorders.